Body Mass Index is essentially a basic calculation between your height and weight that determines if a you are of normal weight for your height. Not a hugely scientific method admittedly, but this method is used around the globe to measure obesity in children and adults. Used by governments, schools and local health organisations, it plays a fundamental role for national statistics, painting a picture of obese adults and children within society.
Your BMI is calculated as part of the Kiss Fitness Health MOT, part of the personal training consultation.
The BMI scale ranges from under 20 to over 35 based on the BMI calculation, it can be a useful guide for determining if you are a healthy weight relative to your height.
BUT, this is not a full proof system for determining if someone is healthy and this is why....
Using BMI on the young and elderly can generally be rather inaccurate giving strange results, if you have a large amount lean muscle or you are a well toned athlete it’s certainly NOT very useful as you will likely get a figure in the obese or overweight range even though your body fat percentage is very low.
So who is it good for?
It’s useful for the average person, that has a normal amount of lean muscle, might play a little sport but certainly not an athlete. Therefore if you are a non exercising (sedentary) individual! it is likely that your BMI result will be quite accurate. If however your are a regular gym user training for muscle strength and size and have high lean muscle percentage, it would not be unusual to see your BMI in the obese range. This is because lean muscle weighs about twice as much as fat and therefore your body weight will be above average for your height.
The problem with this system is that it tells you nothing of a persons body composition, making it a very basic test of overall health. A body composition test is more scientific and will give you much better results that can be used effectively for goal setting and monitoring progression towards your personal goals.
Often, gym''s & personal trainers provide this service to their customers, perhaps for a small fee. It will require you being wired up to a body stat machine which fires and electrical charge though your body and measures resistance (it doesn't hurt). At Kiss Fitness this is included within our Free Personal Training Consultation.
Calculate your BMI
Below is the process for calculating your BMI:
- Weigh yourself in KG (for example, 70kg)
- Measure your height in metres (for example 1.7
- Multiple your height by itself (for example, 1.7 x 1.7 = 2.89)
- Now we divide our weight by the figure in step 3 (in this example, 70/2.89 = 24.22
In this example our BMI would be 24.22 (lets round that up to 24)
What does that mean?
OK, we know our BMI so lets see what bracket we fall into;
- Under 18.5 = Underweight
A BMI score this low means that you may be underweight. There are a number of possible reasons for this. It’s important you obtain balanced & healthy diet, your personal trainer can help you achieve this by identifying your current eating habits & portion control.
- 18.6-24.9 = Healthy Weight or Normal
A BMI reading in this range means you are healthy and withing normal ranges. It shows that you're a healthy weight for your height. However, it's still important to eat a healthy, balanced diet and include physical activity in your daily life if you want to maintain a healthy weight.
- 25-29.9 = Overweight
A BMI score in this range means you may be overweight. This means that you're heavier than is healthy for someone of your height. Excess weight can put you at increased risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. It’s time to take action.
- 30-34.9 = Obese (Class 1)
A BMI score above 30 is classified as obese. Being obese puts you at a raised risk of health problems such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Losing weight will bring significant health improvements.
above this range are further obesity ranges as follows:
- 35-39.9 = Obese (Class 2)
- 40 or above = Obese (Class 3)
It’s as simple as that, but remember, two people of relatively similar body size and shape and can get different readings on the BMI scale. Muscle weighs much more than fat, nearly twice the weight, so a toned dancer or well built rugby player will hit high numbers in a BMI reading.
Women naturally have higher fat stores than men and normal values will be seen slightly higher than men.